Cryptosporidium is a horrible illness. Although it is most potent amongst people who are already weakened (the elderly, children and people with an immune deficiency or malnourished people) the disease can also affect many people who aren’t unwell. The disease causes diarrhea which doesn’t sound too bad when you first think about it. However, the problem with diarrhea is that it essentially drains your body of many of the nutrients that you need to sustain life. This leads to malnutrition and can also lead to degeneration of your body; something from which you very rarely recover fully. One further issue is the risk of disease that comes from contaminating food or water with fecal matter. The reason why many of these diseases spread is through poor sanitation; the diarrhea leaks into the food chain and the bacteria enter more people during meals.
Like many diseases there are many treatments that can be undertaken in order to prevent the spread of the disease and ensure that you get better as soon as possible. The main drug that is used is nitazoxanide although others also include paromomycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, metronidazole, atovaquone and azithromycin. The main thing to note, however, is that these drugs are only temporary solutions; because the illness is caught mainly by people who already have an immune-deficiency the drugs will not protect them forever. Because of this, antiviral therapy is also recommended in order to strengthen your immune system again. Please remember that in the event of any illness, professional medical advice should be sought first and foremost.